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Michigan Business Beat | Mackinac Policy Conference 2024 - Tim Salisbury - #MPC24

Michigan Business Beat
June 14, 2024 1:00 PM


The Detroit Regional Chamber's annual Mackinac Policy Conference.

Chris Holman speaks with Tim Salisbury, Mid-Michigan President, PNC Bank, from Media Row, at the Grand Hotel, while at the 2024 Mackinac Policy Conference.

Watch Tim and Chris discuss his organization, recent activity and what they are experiencing in 2024, along with what he expected out of the #MPC24, - click play on the YouTube video below.

 Here are a pair of PNC releases at the time of the Mackinac Policy Conference:

 PNC Senior Economic Advisor Stuart Hoffman: Initial Jobless Claims Rose by 3K in the Week Ending May 25 After a 16K Decline in the Previous Two Week. The Labor Market Remains Strong.

  • Initial claims for unemployment insurance rose by 3,000 to 219,000 in the week ending May 25 after falling by 16,000 in the previous two week. 
  • Continuing claims rose by 4,000 to 1.791 million in the week ending May 18 and the four-week moving average rose by 6,000 to 1.786 million. 

Initial Unemployment Insurance (UI) claims rose by 3,000 to 219,000 in the week ending May 25, following a 16,000 decline in the previous two weeks, which reversed most of the 23,000 rise in the first week of May. The four-week moving average of claims, which smooths out some of the weekly volatility in this data, rose by 3,000 to 223,000, the highest since mid-September 2023. UI Claims have remained unusually steady and low by historical standards, signaling that the labor market remains strong, so this nearly complete reversal suggests the jump in claims in early-May was more noise than signal. The 200,000 mark appears to be a floor and the 225,000 mark appears to be a ceiling for the Initial Claims measure, with the weekly results having bounced around in that narrow range in the second half of 2023 and again in the first five months of 2024.

Continuing claims rose by 4,000 to 1.791 million in the week ending May 18 from a downward revised 1.787 million in the previous week (was 1.794 million) The four-week moving average of continuing claims, which smooths out some of the weekly volatility in this data set, edged up by 6,000 to 1.786 million from a downward revised 1.780 million in previous week (was 1.782 million). This low level of continuing claims is further evidence that the mostly reversed big jump in initial claims in early May was not the start of a persistent rise in laid-off workers.  

While UI Claims are still at healthy levels in an historical context, the labor market is becoming better balanced between demand for and supply of workers, which will help moderate upward wages pressures, especially as legal immigration has risen by over 1 million in each of the past two years. This is a theme that Chair Powell discussed at his post May 1 FOMC meeting press conference. The 0.2% rise in April average hourly earnings pulling the year-over-year rise down to 3.9% is important evidence of moderation in wage gains but still outpacing inflation in the past year. PNC thinks this will pave the way for 25 basis points rate cuts in both September and December 2024 with additional cuts in the first half of 2025.

  • Real GDP growth was revised slightly lower in the second estimate to 1.3%, from 1.6% in the advance estimate. Inflation in the first quarter was also revised slightly lower.
  • Profits fell slightly in the first quarter.
  • Real gross domestic income increased 1.5% in the first quarter.
  • Consumer demand remains solid.
  • Real GDP growth will slow in 2024, but the economy will remain in expansion. Lower inflation will allow the Fed to cut its policy rate later this year.

Real GDP growth in the first quarter of 2024 was revised slightly lower in the second estimate from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, to 1.3% at an annual rate, from 1.6% growth in the advance estimate. Real GDP growth was 3.4% in the fourth quarter of 2023.

The downward revision came from downward revisions to consumer spending, investment in inventories, and federal government spending, somewhat offset by upward revisions to state and local government spending, business fixed investment, and exports. Imports were revised higher; higher imports are a drag on GDP growth.

Inflation was revised slightly lower in the second estimate. The personal consumption expenditures price index increased 3.3% at an annual rate in the first quarter, down from 3.4% in the advance estimate. Core PCE inflation, excluding food and energy, was also revised lower, to 3.6% from 3.7%. Core PCE inflation is the Federal Reserve’s preferred inflation metric.

The second estimate provided the first read on corporate profits in the first quarter; they fell $21.1 billion annualized in the first quarter, without adjusting for inflation. This was a 0.6% decline (unannualized). Profits rose 4.1% in the fourth quarter of 2023. Nominal profits were up more than 7% in the first quarter from a year earlier.

Profits from domestic industries fell $40 billion in the first quarter, with a decline of $114 billion for nonfinancial corporations. Profits from the rest of the world increased by $19 billion.

Real after-tax incomes increased 1.9% in the first quarter, an upward revision from 1.1% growth in the advance estimate.

Real gross domestic income, an alternative measure of the size of the economy based on incomes going to households and businesses from economic activity, increased 1.5% annualized in the first quarter. Real gross domestic income growth was 3.6% in the fourth quarter of last year.

On a year-over-year basis real GDP growth was 2.9%, while real gross domestic income growth was 1.9%. Overall PCE inflation was 2.5% year-over-year, while core PCE inflation was 2.8%.

The second estimate for GDP in the first quarter does little to change the outlook. GDP growth slowed in the first quarter after an annualized increase of better than 4% in the second half of 2023. Growth is slowing to a more sustainable pace of around 2% over the long run, based on growth in the labor force and productivity growth (output per worker). Slower economic growth will reduce inflationary pressures in the US economy, helping bring inflation back to the Federal Reserve’s 2% objective. 

Much of the slowing in economic growth in the first quarter came from reduced investment in inventories and a larger trade deficit. Demand remained strong, with consumer spending up 2.0%. Business fixed investment and investment in housing were also positive for growth in the first quarter. Real final sales of domestic product—real minus the change in inventories, which measures demand within the US—increased 1.7% in the first quarter, annualized. 

The US economy should continue to expand throughout 2024, but at a slower pace than last year as high interest rates remain a drag. Consumer fundamentals are good thanks to strong job gains and wages that are increasing more quickly than inflation. Real GDP growth will be below 2% in 2024, close to the economy’s long-run potential. The Federal Reserve tightened monetary policy in 2022 and 2023 to slow economic growth and cool off inflation and is maintaining that tight monetary policy in the first half of 2024. 

Inflation, after picking up somewhat in the first quarter, should slow again through the rest of this year. That will allow for the Federal Open Market Committee to cut the federal funds rate a couple of times in the second half of 2024 and again a few times in 2025, contributing to a slight acceleration in economic growth next year. Did you like this post? Sign up and we’ll send you more awesome posts like this  every week.


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Michigan Business Beat, hosted by Chris Holman, discusses economic development, new or unusual entrepreneurial initiatives, and successful business practices from different regions and industries around Michigan with a wide range of entrepreneurs and business leaders.

8:00 AM every Monday through Friday
Replay: 8:00 AM, 2:00 PM, 8:00 PM, 2:00 AM The music for 'Michigan Business Beat' is graciously shared use of Phil Denny's "Traffic Jam" off his 2012 CD 'Crossover'

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